The human mind is a story processor, not a logic processor.
- Jonathan Haidt
Political science is actually very interesting; especially when Jonathan Haidt mixes with moral psychology. Let me give you some interesting ideas from the book.
Have you ever heard about “Trolley Dilemma”? It is a choice between utilitarianism and deontology. Let me ask you this question: “when the only way you can stop a runaway trolley from killing five people is by pushing one person off a bridge onto the track below,” what would you do? If you think that killing fewer people is the right thing to do, you are Utilitarian; otherwise, you are a Deontologist. You may have heard about Utilitarians who calculate what brings the least damage. In case you’re wondering what deontology is, let me give you a definition; Deontology is a normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action. If you are a Deongologist, you are prone to consider what is ethically right rather than what brings you the best outcome. I’m definitely a biased Utilitarian. Let’s move on to the next example from the book.